Monthly Archives: March 2017

Information Trans Fat Ban Tied to Fewer Heart Attacks and Strokes

New York residents have benefited from rules that ban trans fat in restaurants: Rates of heart attack and stroke have dropped in New York counties where such bans have been enacted, a new study suggests.

Researchers found that starting three years after the effort to restrict the use of trans fats in eating establishments was introduced, the New York counties with these restrictions experienced a 6.2 percent reduction in hospital admissions for heart attacks and strokes, compared with New York counties without similar restrictions.

This translates to 43 fewer heart attacks and strokes per 100,000 adult residents (ages 25 and older) in the New York counties with trans fat restrictions, according to the study published online today (April 12) in the journal JAMA Cardiology.

The 6.2 percent decline in cardiovascular events found in the new study fell within the bounds of what other researchers have found in their estimates, said the study’s lead author, Dr. Eric Brandt, a cardiovascular disease fellow at the Yale University School of Medicine in New Haven, Connecticut.

One previous estimate, from 2009, predicted that nearly eliminating trans fat from people’s diets could prevent between 6 and 19 percent of heart disease hospitalizations.

However, the limitations on trans fat that the researchers looked at in this new study are not entirely comprehensive, Brandt told Live Science. The restrictions apply to trans fat in New York restaurants, bakeries, cafeterias, caterers, senior-meal programs and other food-service locations, but they do not apply to food sold in grocery stores, he said.

The decline in cardiovascular events observed in this study is promising, and suggests that similar if not greater decreases in heart attack and stroke rates could be seen when the Food and Drug Administration’s nationwide restriction on trans fat goes into effect in 2018, Brandt said.

The FDA restrictions on trans fat will prevent manufacturers and food preparers from using partially hydrogenated oils, which contain these unhealthy fats, in foods. These measures will nearly eliminate trans fat in grocery stores and will ban them from eateries across the country.

Although food companies have been gradually eliminating trans fat from their products in preparation for the FDA’s ban, partially hydrogenated oils are still a part of people’s diets. The oils are found in baked goods, fried foods, yeast breads, chips, crackers and margarine, the study authors wrote.

Studies have suggested that people with higher levels of trans fat in their diets are at greater risk for stroke and cardiovascular disease.

New York City first introduced restrictions on trans fat in eating establishments in July 2007, and similar actions were initiated in 11 counties in New York state between 2007 and 2011.

In the study, the researchers analyzed data on hospital admission rates for heart attacks and stroke over an 11-year period, from 2002 to 2013. The study period covered about five years before and after the restrictions took effect. The researchers compared the hospitalization rates for heart attacks and stroke in adults ages 25 and older in the 11 New York counties with restrictions on trans fat, with the hospitalization rates for these cardiovascular problems in 25 New York counties without restrictions.

Rates of heart attack and stroke were already declining in New York state before the trans fat restrictions, the study authors noted. However, after 2006, the analysis found that populations in counties with the ban experienced additional declines beyond what would have been expected based on the existing downward trends.

The study found that declines in heart attacks and strokes within the areas of the ban became apparent three or more years after trans fat was restricted in the county’s eateries.

It usually takes a few years for this kind of dietary modification to reduce cardiovascular disease risk enough to be measurable, Brandt said.

He expects that when the FDA restrictions on trans fat get implemented next year on all foods, a continued decline in heart attacks and strokes will be seen in the New York counties that had already limited the use of these fats in restaurants.

There are likely to be further measurable differences in heart attack and stroke rates, especially among younger age groups, who may benefit by spending an even longer portion of their lives without trans fat in their diets, Brandt said.

Although it may be costly for food companies to reformulate their products to eliminate trans fat, this data suggests that by restricting trans fat in foods, there is a potential to improve the health of Americans and lessen the burden of cardiovascular disease, Brandt said.

Some Tips for Being a Wise Healthcare Consumer

There is more to being a wise healthcare consumer than getting an annual check-up and hunting for the best prices on prescription medication. A smart healthcare consumer will eat nutritious foods, organize their healthcare information and pay attention to labeling on medications. While the month of February is Wise Health Consumer Month, it is important for people to pay attention to their healthcare needs year-round. Whether they are relatively healthy or need private nursing care, patients who take responsibility for their health can not only save money, they may improve their health as a result.

When people are on the same medications for a long time, they tend to ignore the labeling. It is important for the patient to keep up with the special inserts and labeling provided by the pharmacy, along with the information provided by the pharmaceutical company, it does change from time to time. Labeling warns the consumer about mixing the drugs with alcohol or other medications. It also notifies the user when certain prescriptions should be taken with water or fluids, for example. The longer a drug is out, the more is known about it. New side effects may be discovered, such as drowsiness, allergic reactions or serious interactions with other medications. Checking the labeling regularly will help the patient use the medication wisely and avoid any adverse effects.

No matter how many people live in one household, it is important for all of the medical information to be kept in at least one central location. It should be easily accessible in case of emergency. The name, address, telephone number and specialty of every doctor should be listed for each household member. All medications and their purposes should be listed for each individual. Include all allergies, not just medical ones. If there are homecare givers for a household member, be sure the contact information for the worker and agency are available as well.


Relying upon a doctor to keep the individual healthy is not enough. The patient should eat nutritious, well-balanced meals and avoid foods rich in sodium, cholesterol, sugar and calories. Following a restricted diet can help control life-threatening conditions such as high cholesterol, hypertension and diabetes. A wise consumer will abide by the guidelines recommended by their doctor. When vitamins and minerals are challenging to consume on a regular basis, some consumers may choose to take dietary supplements. While they do supply important nutrients, patients should consult their physician or home healthcare professional before starting a new dietary supplement plan. This may prevent little-known side effects or risky interaction with a prescription medication the patient is already taking.

Tips For Healthy nails

Let’s be honest, a beautiful set of, long, natural healthy nails looks classy and sexy. Immaculately manicured long nails say a lot about your personal style and confidence. We know growing long, healthy nails can be a challenge. Our simple tips show how you too can have a beautiful set of long natural nails.

First a quick biology lesson:
Your nails grow from the area under your cuticle called the matrix. The matrix is the living part of the nail. Your cuticle is the layer of skin that protects the matrix so the cuticle is very important for nail health and growth. As new nail cells grow in the matrix, older nail cells are pushed out toward your fingertips and become hard and compacted. Heredity and health determine how fast nails grow but nails typically grow about 0.1 millimeter a day, which means that it takes a fingernail about four to six months to fully regenerate. Healthy nails are smooth, without ridges or grooves. They’re uniform in colour and consistency and free of spots or discoloration.

Did you know: Nails grow faster in the summer than in the winter, nails on your dominant hand grow faster, and men’s nails grow more quickly than women’s, except when a woman is pregnant when nail growth speeds up.

How long should my nails be ?
This is obviously very much a matter of personal choice but a couple of things to bear in mind:

The optimum practical length for your nails depends on your activities and your lifestyle. In general the nail tip should extend no further than one third of the body of the nail.

Nails break less often when they are all of equal length and shaped square, oval, or round.

Tips on growing, long and healthy natural nails:

Long nails tip 1: Don’t use your nails as tools.
Rather than using your nails use other parts of your hand, or a pen, to perform tasks like dialing the phone. Don’t pick, poke or scrape with your nails and especially avoid opening soft drink cans with your nails.

Long nails tip 2: Wear gloves.
Detergents are particularly harsh on your nails and can cause splitting and peeling. Wear gloves when washing dishes or cleaning. You should also wear gloves when gardening to protect your nails from infection and prevent dryness, damage, and loss of natural oils.

Long nails tip 3: Don’t bit your nails or pick at your cuticles.
Aside from the obvious reason of biting shortening your nails these habits can damage the nail bed. Even a minor cut alongside your nail can allow bacteria or fungi to enter the nail bed and cause an infection. Remember your nails grow slowly so an injured nail retains signs of damage for several months.

Long nails tip 4: Look after your cuticles.
The cuticle is a barrier that keeps bacteria from the nail matrix, where new cells are generated, so it should not be cut or trimmed. On the other hand you do want to keep cuticles from becoming overgrown, which suffocates nail growth. If your cuticle has grown out on to the nail plate, after sufficiently softening your cuticles in warm water, very gently use a cuticle pusher to push your cuticles back. As well as pushing your cuticles back this will help to remove dead skin and debris that may have accumulated. Hold the cuticle pusher at an angle, and use tiny circular movements, so that you are as gentle and careful as possible and do not damage the cuticle. When you have finished doesn’t forget to moisturize your hands.

Long nails tip 5: Look after your nails.
Trim fingernails and clean under the nails regularly. Use manicure scissors or clippers and a nail file to smooth nail edges. Never pull off hangnails – doing so almost always results in ripping living tissue. Clip hangnails off, leaving a slight angle outward.

Long nails tip 6: Caring for brittle nails.
Trim brittle nails after a bath, or a 15 minute hand soak in bath oil, and then apply a moisturiser. Don’t use nail polish remover more than twice a month. Instead, touch up the nail polish. When you do need to use a nail polish remover avoid those that use acetone, which dries out nails. Also consider using a nail strengthener and growth formula.

Long nails tip 7: The role of diet.
Unless your diet is deficient in protein and vitamins dietary changes that supposedly strengthen nails won’t work. Your nails can however offer telltale signs of dietary problems such as:
Lack of vitamin A and calcium causing dryness and brittleness.
Lack of protein, folic acid and vitamin C causing hang nails
White bands across the nails caused by protein deficiency.
A lack of sufficient hydrochloric acid causing splitting nails.
Insufficient intake of vitamin B12 leading to excessive dryness, very rounded and curved ends and darkening of nails.
Insufficient zinc causing development of white spots on the nails.
Red skin around your cuticles can be caused by poor metabolism of essential fatty acids.

If you are concerned that your diet may not be balanced and healthy you should consult a medical or nutritional professional.

Treatment For Cold Sore

The herpes virus that causes cold sores infects nearly 90% of the world population today. Because of this large number of victims, cold sore treatment options are abundant at your local stores.

These over-the-counter cold sore treatment remedies are primarily designed and sold for comfort – and they do a good job for that. But they do little to heal cold sores any faster, or prevent them. Comfort is great, but the quicker the healing the better.

Below are several well-proven cold sore treatment tips that I would like to share with you right now. These work against any cold sores, fever blisters or oral herpes outbreaks. Give them a try.


You may have heard of lysine. It is a very effective cold sore treatment for many folks. Some drug store remedies contain lysine as a topical cold sore treatment. It does not absorb well this way.

Lysine works best when you use it as an internal remedy for oral herpes and cold sores.

Lysine effectively neutralizes arginine, another amino acid. Arginine is the main protein necessary for the herpes simplex virus to replicate – which creates the visible cold sore. Lysine pushes it out of your cells so it is not available to create new virus.

Your key to successfully healing and preventing cold sores with lysine is to flood your cells with it. Eating high lysine foods, such as fish and dairy products will help. Avoiding high arginine foods is also wise during an outbreak.

The easiest and most convenient way to get lysine, however, is to use lysine capsules. You can more easily control the dosage – and you don’t have to give up the foods you love.

Most people who use lysine for an active cold sore treatment take about 5000 to 7000 milligrams spread throughout the day. Don’t worry – lysine is a very common and safe amino acid.

These same folks often take 500 milligrams daily between cold sores as a preventative.

2. TEA.

Tea has many beneficial nutrients that help in healing a cold sore. You can use black tea or try herbal teas with mint or lemon balm. Drinking the tea helps, but it is a much better cold sore treatment if applied directly to the wound.

Soak a few tea bags and freeze them. Apply this frozen tea during the early stages of your cold sores. As soon as you feel the warning signs of a new outbreak (tingling, itching, burning sensations) hold a frozen bag to the area. This quick action can actually stop the herpes activity.

You will benefit by these frozen tea bags up until the sore breaks open. At this point healing begins and applying cold now will slow the healing process. Now you need to apply hot tea bags to get rid of cold sores quickly.

Do not heat the bags in the microwave. This will destroy the healing properties of the tea. You can boil the water in the microwave first if you wish, then put in the tea bags. Or you can use the stovetop.


Calcium is the main mineral used by your body to keep you in a healthy alkaline state. When alkaline, your body is high in oxygen and resistant to virus activity. When acid, your body is low in oxygen and susceptible to infection and disease.

Your pH balance is a measure of your acid or alkaline state. Seven is neutral, above seven is alkaline and below seven is acid. Cold weather, stress and certain foods are the main reasons your body might tend toward the acid side – and the main triggers for cold sores.

As a cold sore treatment, make sure you are getting plenty of calcium every day with food and supplements. For some folks, this has made a huge difference in their cold sore relief.

I hope this sample of cold sore treatment tactics helps you as much as they have helped thousands of others.

And keep searching and trying new things. Quite often you will find that combining several will be the best cold sore treatment for your particular needs.